The History of Hebel

Johan Axel Eriksson

1929. Beginning of commercial production of AAC in Yxhult, about 200 kilometers west of Stockholm (Sweden). The first blocks were sold under the name Yxhults Anghardade Gasbetong, from which the brand name Ytong was derived.


1940s. Origins of the Hebel brand in Germany, when Josef Hebel developed a patented steel reinforced AAC product and started the first factory for industrial production of construction elements for walls, ceilings and roofs.


1951 / 1952. In Germany, the production of Hebel blocks began in Salzgitter and Messel.


1948. Haniel commenced the trade with building materials; Xella´s business has its origin in the trading and construction activities of the Haniel Group (the Franz Haniel & Cie. GmbH and its affiliates and subsidiaries).


1951. Haniel began production of pumice stones.


1956. Haniel began production of calcium silicate units commenced by way of an acquisition.


1994. Haniel Group implemented a portfolio restructuring program and disposed of its non-core activities followed by a strategic initiative to establish a stronger position in the market for wall-building materials. This consolidation process in the German wall-building materials market initiated by the Haniel Group included several acquisitions of mid-size German CSU manufacturers.


2001. Acquisition of the Fels/Hebel group. This complemented and strengthened the product portfolio of wall-building materials with the established Ytong and Hebel brands, increased the degree of vertical integration (with the lime activities of Fels), extended the product and market portfolio with gypsum fiber boards with the Fermacell activities and brand and expanded its international presence.


2003. Introduction of Xella brand and launch at the Munich BAU Trade Fair.


2004-2013. Xella continued the global expansion focusing on Asian and Central and Eastern European countries during this time. In the Building Materials business segment Xella Acquired of Established 27 plants between between 2004 and 2015, the majority of which are located in Central and Eastern Europe, China and the Americas. In particular, in 2012 Xella acquired an AAC plant in the Czech Republic in our Building Materials segment and an unfinished gypsum fiber board plant in Orejo, Spain, which started operation in May 2013, in the Dry Lining business segment.


2008.Haniel sold the Group to funds advised by affiliates of GS, and funs and/or investment vehicle’s managed by PAI Partners, Xella´s current indirect shareholders.


2010. Expansion into a new business area called Ecoloop, which develops and intends to market a new synthesis gas technology and which under our current business structure is part of our Lime segment.

Xella Corporate